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Dr Paul Huang, Molecular and Systems Oncology Team


Soft tissue sarcomas (STS) are a group of rare cancers that originate from supporting and connective tissue such as fat, muscle and blood vessels. This is a complex and highly diverse group of tumours that consists of more than 70 different types and can be found anywhere in the body. This complexity makes it challenging to effectively treat these cancers and outcomes for patients with advanced disease remain very poor.

Working closely with The Royal Marsden Sarcoma Unit (led by Dr Robin Jones), one of the largest specialist sarcoma treatment centres in Europe, the laboratory is currently focused on the following projects:

  • Proteomic profiling of STS in large retrospective series, clinical trials of targeted agents and rare sarcoma entities. We also lead on the proteomic analysis of sarcoma cases from the 100,000 Genomes Project as part of the Sarcoma Genomic England Clinical interpretation Partnership (GeCIP).
  • Resistance to targeted therapies including investigating clinical and preclinical mechanisms of drug resistance to kinase inhibitors such as pazopanib, regorafenib and cediranib, with a view to developing strategies to overcome resistance and achieve durable drug responses in patients.
  • Patient-derived model development for drug screening and mechanistic studies of therapy resistance in STS with a focus on developing models for common and rare sarcoma entities, lung metastasis and paired pre- and post-treatment tumours.
  • Prognostic and predictive biomarkers for patient stratification and early detection to deliver targeted therapy to patients likely to receive benefit while sparing those unlikely to respond to treatment from unnecessary side effects.

Lung cancer

Lung cancer is the largest cancer killer worldwide and contributes to 20% of all cancer deaths. Targeted therapies are routinely used for selected molecular subtypes of lung cancer such as those driven by mutant EGFR and ALK fusions.

However, tumours can find ways to overcome the effects of these drugs and rapidly acquire resistance leading to inevitable relapse in all patients within a year of treatment.

Our research in lung cancer focuses on understanding how tumours evolve to acquire drug resistance and develop strategies to tackle resistance to achieve lasting drug responses in patients.

Current project include:

  • Signalling mechanisms of resistance to EGFR inhibitors. Funded by Cancer Research UK, we are using molecular and chemical profiling strategies to identify mechanisms of intrinsic and acquired resistance to EGFR inhibitors including uncovering new signalling dependencies in mutant EGFR-driven lung cancers.
  • Intratumoural heterogeneity and subclonal interactions. We are exploiting proteomics and phosphoproteomics to investigate the signalling pathways driving subclonal interactions and tumour evolution in response to targeted therapy. Unpicking these signalling mechanisms may aid in the development of new salvage therapies for patients who develop acquired drug resistance.
  • Characterising exceptional response to targeted therapy. A small number of individuals, known as “exceptional responders”, show remarkable sensitivity and durable response to cancer treatment. We study and model such exceptional response in the laboratory to uncover mechanisms that confer long-term sensitivity to targeted agents.

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